More men = more crime? Perhaps not

In China and India, there are millions more men than women — 37 million more in India, while the gap is nearly 34 million in China. Policies such as China’s selective birthing (parents intentionally aborting female fetuses) have tipped the gender balance and some studies allude to a rise in violent crime and trafficking as a consequence.

But, surprisingly, the theory of more men, more violence does not necessarily seem to hold, according to other studies and demographers.

Some researchers dispute a positive link between more men and more crime, and suggest that overall crime rates have in fact fallen in both countries as male populations have increased.

We would like to ask why it could be that crime rates may be falling as male populations increase in China, India, and other geographical areas where men outnumber women.

We’d also like to ask what the other ramifications of gender imbalances are in Asian populations and elsewhere.

Questions we think should be asked

  • Is it true that in China and India crime rates have really fallen as the male population has increased?
  • Is there a difference in rates of general crimes (i.e. overall) and gender crimes (such as rape, trafficking, domestic abuse) as male populations increase?
  • Are crime rates falling as men outnumber women in some areas?
  • What happens to crime in places where women start outnumbering men?
  • Why is it that crime rates might fall?
  • What are the consequences of more men than women?

What would you like to ask?


Possible interviewees

  • Li Shuzhuo, a demographer at Xi’an Jiaotong University
  • Professor Timothy Dyson, Professor of Population Studies, LSE
  • Professor Jane Falkingham, Dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences, Professor of Demography and International Social Policy, Director of ESRC Centre for Population Change
  • Prof K.S. James, Jawaharlal Nehru University in New Delhi, Centre for the Study of Regional Development

Who would you like to interview?


Research papers

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